Bob Nesta Marley was born on February 6, 1945, in St. Ann Parish, Jamaica. In 1963, Marley and his friends formed the Wailing Wailers. The Wailers' big break came in 1972, when they landed a contract with Island Records. Marley went on to sell more than 20 million records throughout his career, making him the first international superstar to emerge from the so-called “Third World”. He died in Miami, Florida, on May 11, 1981. "Zimbabwe" is one of several highly specific Africa-themed protest songs that Bob Marley wrote. Released in 1979, when Zimbabwe was still called Rhodesia and was ruled by a small white minority, the song is quite literally a call to arms to black Zimbabweans, encouraging them to overthrow their government. Indeed, they did overthrow their government, and a new one, under the now-infamous Robert Mugabe was installed. Marley performed at the celebratory concert in 1980, along with Zimbabwean legend Thomas Mapfumo, among others.
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